高國培老師的網頁 Website of Ko Sir
高國培老師的網頁 Website of Ko Sir
我的心聲 My Voices My Photo Albums I(我的相片集I) My Photo Albums II(我的相片集II) My Photo Albums III(我的相片集III)
My Photo Albums IV(我的相片集IV) My Video Productions(我攝製的影片) Instructive PowerPoint(有意思 PowerPoint)
CLASSICAL MUSIC LISTENING(古典音樂欣賞) Challenge You(考考你) Let's Solve Riddles(齊來猜謎語)
Words from JANE EYRE (簡愛) Words from DAVID COPPERFIELD (大衛‧科波菲爾) Words from PRIDE AND PREJUDICE (傲慢與偏見)
This website is best to browse on computer, not ideal on mobile phone or tablet.
高國培老師的網頁 Website of Ko Sir
Published 1999.11.1

(Website publication 20th anniversary: 2019.11.1)

Taken 2010.2.20

Taken 2018.3.13

Taken 2019.6.15

Taken 2019.11.28
製作者高國培老師 kwokpuiko@gmail.comkwokpuiko@gmail.com
我的心聲《《情書》裡的《追憶似水年華》》 CLASSICAL MUSIC LISTENING《黃河大合唱》 My Voices《My Wonderful Blood Pressure Readings》 Challenge You: New Question 151 and Answer to Question 150
PAGES ON THIS WEBSITE
我的心聲
My Voices
My Photo Albums I(我的相片集I)
My Photo Albums II(我的相片集II)
My Photo Albums III(我的相片集III)
My Photo Albums IV(我的相片集IV)
My Video Productions(我攝製的影片)
Instructive PowerPoint(有意思 PowerPoint)
CLASSICAL MUSIC LISTENING(古典音樂欣賞)
Challenge You(考考你)
Let's Solve Riddles(齊來猜謎語)
Words from JANE EYRE (簡愛)
Words from DAVID COPPERFIELD (大衛‧科波菲爾)
Words from PRIDE AND PREJUDICE (傲慢與偏見)
最新 我的心聲:文章 376(寫於2020.1.12) Newest My Voices: Article 75 (written 2019.12.17) Newest My Photo Albums I(我的相片集I): Newest My Photo Albums II(我的相片集II): 95 (posted 2019.9.29) Newest My Photo Albums III(我的相片集III): R (posted 2018.11.14) Newest My Photo Albums IV(我的相片集IV): 二十二 (posted 2018.12.29) Newest My Video Productions(我攝製的影片): Video 3 (posted 2019.5.11) Newest Instructive PowerPoint(有意思 PowerPoint): 106 (posted 2019.10.3) Newest CLASSICAL MUSIC LISTENING(古典音樂欣賞): 136 (posted 2019.12.31) Newest Challenge You(考考你): Question 151 (posted 2019.12.8) Newest Let's Solve Riddles(齊來猜謎語): Series 54 (posted 2019.2.25) Newest Words from JANE EYRE (簡愛): Series 53 (posted 2019.2.28) Newest Words from DAVID COPPERFIELD (大衛‧科波菲爾): Series 32 (posted 2019.2.28) Newest Words from PRIDE AND PREJUDICE (傲慢與偏見): Series 14 (posted 2019.2.28)
【我的相片集 I】:我與學生的美好時刻
【My Photo Albums I】:Memorable Moments with Students
IX. 透過我的鏡頭看運動場上的學生之一
(1st of Students in Sports Day
Seen in My Camera)(100)
Viewed on Google Album(100*)

【我的相片集 II】:我旅遊或閒遊時捕捉的影像
【My Photo Albums II】: Images I Captured On Tour Or At Leisure
95. 秋花依然嫵媚
(Autumn Flowers Still Enchanting)(153)
(Taken 2019.9.28) (Posted 2019.9.29)
Viewed on Google Album(153*)

【我的相片集 III】:我的遊蹤身影
【My Photo Albums III】: Me Too the Tour Images
R. 我在北京、陝西、甘肅、青海、寧夏、內蒙古的遊蹤身影之三(完)
(3rd(Last) of Me Too the Tour Images in Beijing, Shaanxi,
Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia)(94)
(Posted 2018.11.14)
Viewed on Google Album(94*)

【我的相片集 IV】:我的歷史記憶
【My Photo Albums IV】: My Historical Memories
二十二、與偉芬及她的友人共聚
(Together With Wai Fun And Her Friends)(14)
(Posted 2018.12.29)
Viewed on Google Album(14)

冼星海
(Xian Xinghai
1905-1945)
光未然
(Guang Weiran
1913-2002)
136. 冼星海曲、光未然詞:黃河大合唱 (Yellow River Cantata) (complete) (30:48): I.(0:00)黃河船夫曲 (Yellow River Boatmen's Song);II.(3:30)黃河頌 (Ode to the Yellow River);III.(8:48)黃水謠 (Yellow River Ditty);IV.(13:43)河邊對口曲 (Dialogue on the Bank of the Yellow River);V.(16:42)黃河怨 (Lament of the Yellow River);VI.(22:37)保衛黃河 (Defend the Yellow River);VII.(25:20)怒吼吧,黃河 (Roar, Yellow River) (all in one file) (posted 2019.12.31)

我的音樂推介:136. 《黃河大合唱》(Yellow River Cantata)是冼星海最重要的也是影響力最大的一部大型合唱聲樂套曲。作于1939年3月,並于1941年在蘇聯重新整理加工。這部作品由詩人光未然作詞,以黃河為背景,熱情歌頌中華民族源遠流長的光榮歷史和中國人民堅强不屈的鬥爭精神,痛訴侵略者的殘暴和人民遭受的深重災難,廣闊地展現了抗日戰爭的壯麗圖景,並向全中國全世界發出了民族解放的戰鬥警號,從而塑造起中華民族巨人般的英雄形象。《黃河大合唱》由7首歌曲組成:I.《黃河船夫曲》(混聲合唱)/II.《黃河頌》(男中音獨唱)/III.《黃水謠》(以女聲合唱為主)/IV.《河邊對口曲》(男聲二重唱及混聲合唱)/V.《黃河怨》(女高音獨唱)/VI.《保衛黃河》(齊唱、混聲合唱、輪唱)/VII.《怒吼吧,黃河》(混聲合唱)。當中以獨唱曲《黃河頌》及《黃河怨》最具深厚抒情歌曲味道,前者慷慨、高亢,後者淒怨、低回。(《黃河頌》歌詞:我站在高山之巔,望黃河滾滾奔向東南。金濤澎湃,掀起萬丈狂瀾;濁流宛轉,結成九曲連環;從昆崙山下,奔向黃海之邊;把中原大地劈成南北兩面。啊,黃河!你是中華民族的搖籃!五千年的古國文化,從你這兒發源;多少英雄的故事,在你的身邊扮演!啊,黃河!你是偉大堅強,像一個巨人出現在亞洲平原之上,用你那英雄的體魄築成我們民族的屏障。啊,黃河!你一瀉萬丈,浩浩蕩蕩,向南北兩岸伸出千萬條鐵的臂膀。我們民族的偉大精神,將要在你的哺育下發揚滋長!我们祖國的英雄兒女,將要學習你的榜樣,像你一樣的偉大堅強!像你一樣的偉大堅強!)(《黃河怨》歌詞:風啊,你不要叫喊!雲啊,你不要躲閃!黃河啊,你不要鳴咽!今晚,我在你面前哭訴我的仇和冤。命啊,這樣苦!生活啊,這樣難!鬼子啊,你這樣沒心肝!寶貝啊,你死得这樣慘!我和你無仇又無冤,偏讓我無顏偷生在人間!狂風啊,你不要叫喊!烏雲啊,你不要躲閃,黃河的水啊,你不要鳴咽!今晚,我要投在你的懷中,洗清我的千重愁來萬重冤!丈夫啊,在天邊!地下啊,再團圓!你要想想妻子兒女死得這樣慘!你要替我把這筆血債清算!你要替我把這筆血債清還!)】(貼於2019.12.31)
如有想法或意見可到留下隻言片語!

BACKGROUND MUSIC: 冼星海曲、光未然詞:《黃河大合唱》

151. 考考你:猜猜作曲家:他與法國作曲家德布西(Debussy)同年出生。他並非在法國出生,下半生卻在法國度過及死於法國,死後葬回出生地祖國。他的作品主要是歌劇、管弦樂和合唱曲。他作有鋼琴協奏曲、小提琴協奏曲、大提琴協奏曲、小提琴大提琴複協奏曲各一部。你知道這個作曲家是誰嗎?哪國(出生地)人?他作有一部十分著名的歌劇,說的是:由予父母之間的仇恨摧毀了一對年輕人的愛情的故事,你能說出這部歌劇的名字嗎?】(posted 2019.12.8)
Accept challenge? Put your answer in and get my response!

韓德爾
(Handel, 1685-1759)
150. 【Old Question: First listen to this music piece musicguess30 then answer questions: What is the name of this music piece? This music piece comes from an oratorio. What is the name of the oratorio? Who wrote this oratorio? Name the nation in which this composer was born.】(posted 2019.9.27)

A pity, no one attempts! Answer: The name of this music piece is "Hallelujah Chorus" (《哈利路亞大合唱》). The name of the oratorio is "Messiah" (《彌賽亞》), written by the German composer Handel (韓德爾).

My Favourites of Bach's Music:
Concerto for Two Violins, Strings & Basso Continuo in D minor, BWV1043
Orchestral Suite No.1 in C major, BWV1066
Orchestral Suite No.4 in D major, BWV1069
St Matthew Passion, BWV244
Brandenburg Concerto No.2 in F major, BWV1047
Brandenburg Concerto No.3 in G major, BWV1048
Brandenburg Concerto No.4 in G major, BWV1049
Brandenburg Concerto No.5 in D major, BWV1050
Brandenburg Concerto No.6 in B flat major, BWV1051
Orchestral Suite No.2 in B minor, BWV1067
Mass in B minor, BWV232
Bach/Gounod: Ave Maria (Meditation sur le prelude de Bach)
Orchestral Suite No.3 in D major, BWV1068
Brandenburg Concerto No.1 in F major, BWV1046
My Favourites of Mozart's Music:
Concerto for Flute, Harp and Оrchestra in C major, K299
Clarinet Concerto in A major, K622
Symphony No.31 in D major, K297 "Paris"
Symphony No.39 in E flat major, K543
Symphony No.41 in C major, K551 "Jupiter"
Symphony No.38 in D major, K504 "Prague"
Piano Concerto No.24 in C minor, K491
Violin Concerto No.3 in G major, K216
Eine kleine Nachtmusik, K525
Piano Concerto No.23 in A major, K488
Sinfonia concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E flat major, K364
Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K466
Symphony No.40 in G minor, K550
Requiem in D minor, K626
My Favourites of Beethoven's Music:
Symphony No.2 in D major, Op.36
Symphony No.1 in C major, Op.21
Symphony No.4 in B flat major, Op.60
Symphony No.8 in F major, Op.93
Piano Concerto No.4 in G major, Op.58
Piano Sonata No.8 in C minor, Op.13 "Pathetique"
Symphony No.7 in A major, Op.92
Septet in E flat major, Op.20
Piano Concerto No.5 in E flat major, Op.73 "Emperor"
Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 "Fate"
Symphony No.6 in F major, Op.68 "Pastoral"
Violin Concerto in D major, Op.61
Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 "Choral"
Symphony No.3 in E flat major, Op.55 "Eroica"
Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op.37
My Previously Written What Charming Music of Bruckner's Seventh Symphony with instant music listening
My Previously Written A Night of Verdi's Messa da Requiem with instant music listening
長洲國民學校畢業師生合照(相片購於1962.5.18):
上排左起:陳漢祺、江文田、梁培勲、盧少明、洪世琼、郭予展、潘志勤、楊國昌、高國培、柯德輔、羅銘聲、王文威、劉達強、胡貽仁、陳錦洪、林漢禎、李慶欣、張棠坤、張鴻坤、史進民、盧日昌、張其濂、李治平、胡浩霖、黃浩祥、甘立志
下排左起:蕭桂娥、戴錦章、鄧燕卿、余秀英、葉麗珍、吳倪貞、劉彥芝、陳婉霞、謝佩羣、伍家珍、黃潔芳、高惠蓮、王玉琼、顏秀麗、林秀敏、關少明、龔偉奇、麥詠彬、阮譯榮、鄺志遠、梁炯鋈、梁炯昌、高輝煌。
教六年級及指導會考老師:校長李超人(左12)、韓文(左11)、劉永基(左7)、陳贊康(左6?)、陳劍英(左13?)、劉文美、伍卓英。(註:?號表示可能有錯;未標示位置因不確定是哪個相中人。)
我的歷史記憶 My Historical Memories



按以下圖片到《我的心聲》
<內含376篇中文文章‧376 Chinese articles inside>
Newest 2020.1.12



Press picture below to ●My Voices●
<75 English articles inside‧內含75篇英文文章>
Newest 2019.12.17

我與賴浩銘於2017年9月14日同遊青山寺
我(中)與(左至右)李雄健、呂子標、潘兆忠、許耀武於2018年9月7日同遊昂坪及晚膳



按以下相片到【我的相片集 I】:我與學生的美好時刻
Press photo below to【My Photo Albums I】:Memorable Moments with Students

<內含15本相簿1678張相片‧1678 photos in 15 albums inside>
Newest

透過我的鏡頭看學生:副首席領袖生陳美華
透過我的鏡頭看學生:領袖生陸翁霞



按以下相片到【我的相片集 II】:旅遊或閒遊時捕捉的影像
Press photo below to【My Photo Albums II】: Images Captured On Tour Or At Leisure

<內含95本相簿9722張相片‧9722 photos in 95 albums inside>
Newest 2019.9.29

我捕捉的異地風情:穿過長江三峽其一
我捕捉的異地風情:身處瑞士雪山中



按以下相片到【我的相片集 III】:我的遊蹤身影
Press photo below to【My Photo Albums III】: Me Too the Tour Images

<內含18本相簿1086張相片‧1086 photos in 18 albums inside>
Newest 2018.11.14

我的遊蹤身影:青海湖畔留影
我的遊蹤身影:內蒙古包頭沙坡頭沙漠



按以下相片到【我的相片集 IV】:我的歷史記憶
Press photo below to【My Photo Albums IV】: My Historical Memories

<內含22本相簿219張相片‧219 photos in 22 albums inside>
Newest 2018.12.29

我的歷史記憶:與第二任教學校師生的聯誼活動
我的歷史記憶:那年舊生相約到青山寺(右2:王偉芬)



按以下圖片到 【我攝製的影片】
Press picture below to 【My Video Productions】

<內含3部影片‧3 videos inside>
Newest 2019.5.11



按以下圖片到 ※有意思 PowerPoint※
Press picture below to ※Instructive PowerPoint※
<內含106輯有意思PowerPoint‧106 instructive PowerPoint inside>
Newest 2019.10.3



Press photos below to ※CLASSICAL MUSIC LISTENING※
按以下相片到 ※古典音樂欣賞※

<136 recommended masterpieces for listening inside‧內含136部附有我的音樂推介的傑作供聆聽>
Newest 2019.12.31

Do you know who these composers are?







按以下圖片到 ※考考你※
Press picture below to ※Challenge You※

<內含151題古典音樂問題‧151 classical music questions inside>
Newest 2019.12.8
韋華第(Vivaldi)巴哈(Bach)韓德爾(Handel)莫扎特(Mozart)貝多芬(Beethoven)
羅西尼(Rossini)孟德爾遜(Mendelssohn)蕭邦(Chopin)華格納(Wagner)威爾第(Verdi)
小約翰史特勞斯(Johann Strauss II)布拉姆斯(Brahms)比才(Bizet)柴可夫斯基(Tchaikovsky)德伏扎克(Dvorak)
葛利格(Grieg)艾爾加(Elgar)拉赫曼尼諾夫(Rachmaninov)



按以下圖片到 ※齊來猜謎語※
Press picture below to ※Let's Solve Riddles※

<內含多種類型謎語五十四集480題‧480 riddles (in 54 series) of various types inside>
Newest 2019.2.25



Press picture below to ※Words from JANE EYRE (簡愛)※
<265 words (in 53 series) each with a use in sentence and MEANING IN CHINESE inside>
Newest 2019.2.28



Press picture below to ※Words from DAVID COPPERFIELD (大衛‧科波菲爾)※
<160 words (in 32 series) each with a use in sentence to be matched with the correct MEANING IN CHINESE inside>
Newest 2019.2.28



Press picture below to ※Words from PRIDE AND PREJUDICE (傲慢與偏見)※
<70 words (in 14 series) each with a use in sentence and MEANING IN CHINESE inside>
Newest 2019.2.28


《我的心聲》
最新文章
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376. 《情書》裡的《追憶似水年華》



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年輕求學時期我只曾粗疏地閱讀過中國古典文學四大名著(《水滸傳》只讀過70回本),年長了因為喜愛《紅樓夢》而仔細把它重讀了三遍,之後我一直打算仔細重讀《三國演義》、《水滸傳》(120回本)和《西遊記》。不久前終於圓滿地完成了這個多年來的願望。這個時候我興起了閱讀普魯斯特的《追憶似水年華》的念頭。為了能有效地完成閱讀它,我用過千元購買了這套全書7冊、超過200萬字的世界名著中譯本,我打算用三年時間讀完它。




為了閱讀前能先行對這部名著有多一些認識,我到網上閱讀了不少別人寫的《追憶似水年華》的讀後感,十居其九都認為它難讀,但能夠成功讀完它的人十居其九都說愛上它和說它寫得好,這進一步增強了我閱讀它的意欲和興趣。其中有讀後感提到日本電影《情書》中有與這部名著相關的情節,於是我決定找回當初為了看這部電影而購買的《情書》的VCD(我沒有在戲院裡看過這部戲)重看這部戲。首次觀賞《情書》時因為不太明白當中的情節(因為女主角分飾二人,我對二人的關係弄不清楚)而未曾留下特別的印象和記憶。




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雖然我今次重看的VCD的質素欠佳,卻看得非常明白和投入,至此我才深深感受到這是一個令人著迷的故事,也為我揭開了故事與《追憶似水年華》的關係。讓我扼要地說說這個故事,以下頭兩段摘自我觀看的VCD盒上的敘述:






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「渡邊博子(中山美穗)住在神戶。兩年前,她的未婚夫藤井樹在攀山時遇難身亡。博子在他的中學名冊裡找到他在北海道的小樽市唸書時的地址,情不自禁地寫了一封信給他,不料卻竟收到他的回信!




回信的其實是一個也叫藤井樹的女子(中山美穗分飾)。兩個少年時期的藤井樹,原來是同班同學。博子發現真相後,繼續與女子樹通信,交換對逝去的樹的思念;但當博子來到小樽,偶遇樹的本人時,她卻受到了前所未有的震撼:她發現樹原來竟與自己長得一模一樣......




以下是我對故事的續寫:在往後的通信中,博子要求女藤井樹說說她與男藤井樹一起求學時的生活片斷。女藤井樹說了許多與男藤井樹三年初中同班時的不快經歷。他們因為同名同姓而經常被同學拿來開玩笑,其中一宗是他們被故意選在一起擔任管理學校的圖書館。女藤井樹埋怨男藤井樹經常躲懶不工作,又經常在一些沒人借閱過的書籍的借書卡的第一欄寫上他「自己」的名字。




圖片10
女藤井樹因父親過世留在家裡辦喪事而沒有上學。一天男藤井樹突然到訪,他將借書卡上首欄寫有「藤井樹」名字、普魯斯特的《追憶似水年華》第7冊(最終冊)交給女藤井樹,請她代他還書,女藤井樹雖然感到錯愕卻對平日木無表情的男藤井樹的到訪表現得很開心,她微笑地(之前女藤井樹從未對男藤井樹展現過笑容)目送男藤井樹離開。可是當女藤井樹重回學校時卻發現男藤井樹已經轉了校。




成年的女藤井樹(正與博子互通書信,向博子細說從前她和男藤井樹的相處片斷)有天返回母校,走進當日她與男藤井樹一起負責管理的圖書館,當學妹們知道她的名字叫藤井樹時都大笑不已,原來她們在整理圖書時發現有不少書籍的借書卡上都有「藤井樹」的名字。




不久那班學妹突然到訪女藤井樹和她說有重大發現(這個重大發現女藤井樹最終沒有告訴博子),將之前男藤井樹曾要求她代還的普魯斯特的《追憶似水年華》交給她,著她看看借借卡,借書卡上寫著她之前曾看過的「藤井樹」(當時她以為男藤井樹寫上了他自己的名字)的名字,學妹著她翻看借書卡的另一面(之前,她直到把書放回學校圖書館的書架都未有翻看借書卡的背面),她翻轉借書卡一看立時楞住良久和熱淚盈眶──她看到男藤井樹畫了她的特寫素描,此刻她才知道所有借書卡上的「藤井樹」寫的都是她而不是男藤井樹自己,此刻她才確切知道原來男藤井樹一直暗戀她(男藤井樹到訪女藤井樹時其實想借代還書一事順帶向女方表白而最終還是沒有勇氣說出口)!電影在這裡結束。」






說過故事後寫寫一些我的感想:第一點、女藤井樹才是主角,她的角色比渡邊博子重要得多。電影十分巧妙地從博子對未婚夫的思念開始,再通過她與女藤井樹的通信透露男女藤井樹間從前的生活片斷,到電影結束前一刻才揭露女藤井樹最後才知曉的男藤井樹對她的暗戀。對女藤井樹來說這一刻當然是個很大的衝擊,當她看著借書卡背面自己的素描時可謂百感交雜:除了內心充滿溫暖和甜絲絲外,未知是否有點懊悔當日自己的遲鈍?其實她在男藤井樹來訪當日已對他大大改觀和產生了好感,戲中有個情節可以證明這一點:當她於父親的喪禮後重返學校時得知男藤井樹已轉了後,她若有所夫地把放在男藤井樹書桌上的花瓶用力摔破在地上。其實男藤井樹也實在過於內向和怕被拒絕而錯過了表白的機會,難道轉了校就不可以找機會和女藤井樹見面嗎?後來他遇上渡邊博子,因為博子生得跟女藤井樹一模一樣而愛上她,完全是為了補償他無法跟女藤井樹一起的內心遺憾。第二點、一間中學圖書館能藏有普魯斯特的《追憶似水年華》這部冷門著作(電影是1995年的製作,就算現在這部著作都只有在較大型的圖書館才能借得到)十分不簡單!這或者間接反映出日本人文化水平之高,雖然這亦很有可能是導演的刻意安排,因為書名《追憶似水年華》正正點出了電影要表達的「追憶如流水逝去般無可挽回的青春歲月和美好年華,以及沒有及時把握而錯失了的情和愛」。當一個人「追憶似水年華」時,一定會回憶和感受到人生的種種缺憾與遺憾,這時候只能在追憶中無奈地嘆息!這是一個美麗而帶點哀傷的故事。




(圖片說明:
1. 我購買的《追憶似水年華》
2. 《追憶似水年華》的作者:法國作家普魯斯特(Marcel Proust, 1871-1922)
3. 《情書》電影宣傳海報中的渡邊博子
4. 《情書》電影宣傳海報中的女藤井樹
5. 少年女藤井樹
6. 少年男藤井樹
7. 女藤井樹接過從學妹遞來的《追憶似水年華》
8. 觀看借書卡的正面、背面
9. 男藤井樹到訪女藤井樹於門前見面時的一組鏡頭
10. 電影的最後一組鏡頭)

(寫於2020年1月12日)
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75. My Wonderful Blood Pressure Readings


Today I checked my blood pressure twice and the readings were:
At 14:00: SYS: 100 mmHg / DIA: 68 mmHg / PUL: 79 beats per minute
At 14:29: SYS: 101 mmHg / DIA: 66 mmHg / PUL: 83 beats per minute

What wonderful blood pressure readings of mine these were! They were even better readings than those obtained a few months ago as mentioned in my previous article "My Recent Blood Pressure Values" (SYS: 122 mmHg / DIA: 78 mmHg / PUL: 75 beats per minute).

One should have an understanding to blood pressure readings and their significance to health so that precautions and steps can be taken early to avoid getting high blood pressure, thus avoiding the possibilities of getting serious heart or brain disease that would kill life.

The following article taken from the Web explains definitions of terms and criteria of normal or high blood pressure, and is worthy of a thorough and careful reading.



Understanding Blood Pressure Readings
(https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/understanding-blood-pressure-readings)


What do your blood pressure numbers mean?

The only way to know if you have high blood pressure (HBP, or hypertension) is to have your blood pressure tested. Understanding your results is key to controlling high blood pressure.

Healthy and unhealthy blood pressure ranges

Learn what's considered normal, as recommended by the American Heart Association. See the chart.

Note: A diagnosis of high blood pressure must be confirmed with a medical professional. A doctor should also evaluate any unusually low blood pressure readings(Note#).

Blood pressure categories

The five blood pressure ranges as recognized by the American Heart Association are:

Normal

Blood pressure numbers of less than 120/80 mm Hg are considered within the normal range. If your results fall into this category, stick with heart-healthy habits like following a balanced diet and getting regular exercise.

Elevated

Elevated blood pressure is when readings consistently range from 120-129 systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic. People with elevated blood pressure are likely to develop high blood pressure unless steps are taken to control the condition.

Hypertension Stage 1

Hypertension Stage 1 is when blood pressure consistently ranges from 130-139 systolic or 80-89 mm Hg diastolic. At this stage of high blood pressure, doctors are likely to prescribe lifestyle changes and may consider adding blood pressure medication based on your risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), such as heart attack or stroke.

Hypertension Stage 2

Hypertension Stage 2 is when blood pressure consistently ranges at 140/90 mm Hg or higher. At this stage of high blood pressure, doctors are likely to prescribe a combination of blood pressure medications and lifestyle changes.

Hypertensive crisis

This stage of high blood pressure requires medical attention. If your blood pressure readings suddenly exceed 180/120 mm Hg, wait five minutes and then test your blood pressure again. If your readings are still unusually high, contact your doctor immediately. You could be experiencing a hypertensive crisis.

If your blood pressure is higher than 180/120 mm Hg and you are experiencing signs of possible organ damage such as chest pain, shortness of breath, back pain, numbness/weakness, change in vision or difficulty speaking, do not wait to see if your pressure comes down on its own. Call 911.

Your blood pressure numbers and what they mean

Your blood pressure is recorded as two numbers:

Systolic blood pressure (the first number) – indicates how much pressure your blood is exerting against your artery walls when the heart beats.

Diastolic blood pressure (the second number) – indicates how much pressure your blood is exerting against your artery walls while the heart is resting between beats.

Which number is more important?

Typically, more attention is given to systolic blood pressure (the first number) as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease for people over 50. In most people, systolic blood pressure rises steadily with age due to the increasing stiffness of large arteries, long-term buildup of plaque and an increased incidence of cardiac and vascular disease.

However, either an elevated systolic or an elevated diastolic blood pressure reading may be used to make a diagnosis of high blood pressure. According to recent studies, the risk of death from ischemic heart disease and stroke doubles with every 20 mm Hg systolic or 10 mm Hg diastolic increase among people from age 40 to 89.


(Note#: How low is too low for blood pressure: Within certain limits, the lower your blood pressure reading is, the better. There is also no specific number at which day-to-day blood pressure is considered too low, as long as none of the symptoms of trouble are present.

Symptoms of low blood pressure: Most doctors will only consider chronically low blood pressure as dangerous if it causes noticeable signs and symptoms, such as: Dizziness or lightheadedness / Nausea / Fainting (syncope) / Dehydration and unusual thirst / Dehydration can sometimes cause blood pressure to drop. However, dehydration does not always cause low blood pressure. Fever, vomiting, severe diarrhea, overuse of diuretics and strenuous exercise can all lead to dehydration, a potentially serious condition in which your body loses more water than you take in. Even mild dehydration (a loss of as little as 1 percent to 2 percent of body weight) can cause weakness, dizziness and fatigue. / Lack of concentration / Blurred vision / Cold, clammy, pale skin / Rapid, shallow breathing / Fatigue / Depression)

(Written on December 17, 2019)
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2. 退休前任教學校的近貌與周邊(隱去原來收音、加配樂版本)(My Last Teaching School's Recent Look and Surrounding Area)(background music with original sound hidden)(30:08)(Recorded 2019.5.6) (Posted 2019.5.11)
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<106. 日本億萬富翁與老婆婆的故事 (14張投影片) (貼於2019.10.3)#>

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Without music, life would be a mistake──Friedrich Nietzsche
※CLASSICAL MUSIC LISTENING※
※古典音樂欣賞※

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冼星海
(Xian Xinghai
1905-1945)
光未然
(Guang Weiran
1913-2002)
136. 冼星海曲、光未然詞:黃河大合唱 (Yellow River Cantata) (complete) (30:48): I.(0:00)黃河船夫曲 (Yellow River Boatmen's Song);II.(3:30)黃河頌 (Ode to the Yellow River);III.(8:48)黃水謠 (Yellow River Ditty);IV.(13:43)河邊對口曲 (Dialogue on the Bank of the Yellow River);V.(16:42)黃河怨 (Lament of the Yellow River);VI.(22:37)保衛黃河 (Defend the Yellow River);VII.(25:20)怒吼吧,黃河 (Roar, Yellow River) (all in one file) (posted 2019.12.31)

我的音樂推介:136. 《黃河大合唱》(Yellow River Cantata)是冼星海最重要的也是影響力最大的一部大型合唱聲樂套曲。作于1939年3月,並于1941年在蘇聯重新整理加工。這部作品由詩人光未然作詞,以黃河為背景,熱情歌頌中華民族源遠流長的光榮歷史和中國人民堅强不屈的鬥爭精神,痛訴侵略者的殘暴和人民遭受的深重災難,廣闊地展現了抗日戰爭的壯麗圖景,並向全中國全世界發出了民族解放的戰鬥警號,從而塑造起中華民族巨人般的英雄形象。《黃河大合唱》由7首歌曲組成:I.《黃河船夫曲》(混聲合唱)/II.《黃河頌》(男中音獨唱)/III.《黃水謠》(以女聲合唱為主)/IV.《河邊對口曲》(男聲二重唱及混聲合唱)/V.《黃河怨》(女高音獨唱)/VI.《保衛黃河》(齊唱、混聲合唱、輪唱)/VII.《怒吼吧,黃河》(混聲合唱)。當中以獨唱曲《黃河頌》及《黃河怨》最具深厚抒情歌曲味道,前者慷慨、高亢,後者淒怨、低回。(《黃河頌》歌詞:我站在高山之巔,望黃河滾滾奔向東南。金濤澎湃,掀起萬丈狂瀾;濁流宛轉,結成九曲連環;從昆崙山下,奔向黃海之邊;把中原大地劈成南北兩面。啊,黃河!你是中華民族的搖籃!五千年的古國文化,從你這兒發源;多少英雄的故事,在你的身邊扮演!啊,黃河!你是偉大堅強,像一個巨人出現在亞洲平原之上,用你那英雄的體魄築成我們民族的屏障。啊,黃河!你一瀉萬丈,浩浩蕩蕩,向南北兩岸伸出千萬條鐵的臂膀。我們民族的偉大精神,將要在你的哺育下發揚滋長!我们祖國的英雄兒女,將要學習你的榜樣,像你一樣的偉大堅強!像你一樣的偉大堅強!)(《黃河怨》歌詞:風啊,你不要叫喊!雲啊,你不要躲閃!黃河啊,你不要鳴咽!今晚,我在你面前哭訴我的仇和冤。命啊,這樣苦!生活啊,這樣難!鬼子啊,你這樣沒心肝!寶貝啊,你死得这樣慘!我和你無仇又無冤,偏讓我無顏偷生在人間!狂風啊,你不要叫喊!烏雲啊,你不要躲閃,黃河的水啊,你不要鳴咽!今晚,我要投在你的懷中,洗清我的千重愁來萬重冤!丈夫啊,在天邊!地下啊,再團圓!你要想想妻子兒女死得這樣慘!你要替我把這筆血債清算!你要替我把這筆血債清還!)】(貼於2019.12.31)
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※考考你※
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151. 【考考你:猜猜作曲家:他與法國作曲家德布西(Debussy)同年出生。他並非在法國出生,下半生卻在法國度過及死於法國,死後葬回出生地祖國。他的作品主要是歌劇、管弦樂和合唱曲。他作有鋼琴協奏曲、小提琴協奏曲、大提琴協奏曲、小提琴大提琴複協奏曲各一部。你知道這個作曲家是誰嗎?哪國(出生地)人?他作有一部十分著名的歌劇,說的是:由予父母之間的仇恨摧毀了一對年輕人的愛情的故事,你能說出這部歌劇的名字嗎?】(posted 2019.12.8)
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韓德爾
(Handel, 1685-1759)
150. 【Old Question: First listen to this music piece musicguess30 then answer questions: What is the name of this music piece? This music piece comes from an oratorio. What is the name of the oratorio? Who wrote this oratorio? Name the nation in which this composer was born.】(posted 2019.9.27)

A pity, no one attempts! Answer: The name of this music piece is "Hallelujah Chorus" (《哈利路亞大合唱》). The name of the oratorio is "Messiah" (《彌賽亞》), written by the German composer Handel (韓德爾).


※齊來猜謎語※
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齊來猜謎語 之五十四 (貼於2019.2.25)
{猜中4題——及格;猜中8題——優異。}
【猜「古詩、詞、文中句」專輯】

謎語471:光陰一去不復返(一七字李煜詞句)。[謎底]
謎語472:旅行趁年輕(一五言唐詩句)。[謎底]
謎語473:盼得千金(一七言唐詩句)。[謎底]
謎語474:黑人區(一五字《陋室銘》中句)。[謎底]
謎語475:伯樂相馬之心(一四字曹操詩句)。[謎底]
謎語476:存活率(一四字曹操詩句)。[謎底]
謎語477:非陳真之書(一《红樓夢》五言詩句)。[謎底]
謎語478:約會地點尚未明(一七言唐詩句)。[謎底]
謎語479:愛吻婴孩(一三字《前出師表》句)。[謎底]
謎語480:神曲(一七言唐詩句)。[謎底]
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※Words from JANE EYRE※
簡愛
夏綠蒂‧勃朗特
(Charlotte Bronte, 1816-1855)
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Words from JANE EYRE (簡愛) Series 53 (posted 2019.2.28)
Can you guess the meaning in Chinese of these words?
WORDA USE IN SENTENCEanswer
261 eminencea man of political eminenceMEANING IN CHINESE?
262 hackneyeda hackneyed phrase/subjectMEANING IN CHINESE?
263 electedIncreasing numbers of people elect to work from home nowadays.MEANING IN CHINESE?
264 involuntaryan involuntary cry of painMEANING IN CHINESE?
265 forteLanguages were never my forte.MEANING IN CHINESE?
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※Words from DAVID COPPERFIELD※
大衛‧科波菲爾
查爾斯‧狄更斯
(Charles Dickens, 1812-1870)
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Words from DAVID COPPERFIELD (大衛‧科波菲爾)
Series 32
(posted 2019.2.28)
Match MEANING IN CHINESE A-E to WORD 156-160 and check the ANSWER at the bottom to see if you have matched them correctly.
WORDA USE IN SENTENCE
156 nudgingHe nudged his way through the crowd.
157 manifestlyThe party has manifestly failed to achieve its goal.
158 wedgedThe boat was now wedged between the rocks.
159 joltedHis remark jolted her into action.
160 leerHe looked at her with an evil leer.
ANSWER
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※Words from PRIDE AND PREJUDICE※
傲慢與偏見
珍‧奧斯汀
(Jane Austen, 1775–1817)
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Words from PRIDE AND PREJUDICE (傲慢與偏見) Series 14 (posted 2019.2.28)
Can you guess the meaning in Chinese of these words?
WORDA USE IN SENTENCEanswer
66 inclinationHe did not show the slightest inclination to leave.
67 plagueFinancial problems are plaguing the company.
68 hugShe sat in the chair, hugging her knees.
69 vouch for sthI was in bed with the flu. My wife can vouch for that.
70 resentfulThey seemed to be resentful of our presence there.
Drop a few words in to show what you think or your remarks!



樂曲說明JERUSALEM/SCHOOL HYMNFINLANDIADON'T CRY FOR ME ARGENTINAMOONLIGHT SONATAREVOLUTIONARY ETUDEGREENSLEEVES
Words from JANE EYRE (簡愛)
1-20 prim objectionable devoid engender underhand shabby homily shrewd desist impart propensity thwart indemnity shroud aversion emblem consternation expedient rivet subdue
21-40 reprimand uncongenial deem peremptorily precocious instigate browbeat tantrum romp forsake continuum downright disseminate embody imminent articulate protracted digression nuance preoccupation
41-60 flabby antipathy totter ignominy frantic meagre fervent petrified fret surge chide shrine studded dingy rummage daunt deliberate haul denude nimble
61-80 remorse devour blast racy sombre preternatural thaw laden morose quell frivolous shudder gnaw indefatigable abominable clamour grotesque relapse ignominious ominous
81-100 lull cessation ruddy tinkle heave disagreeable regale inflict unavailing slacken studious acquit(oneself) commendation chastise flit prerogative disown severity animosity foresight
101-120 frown relinquish flutter gaunt dejected doom mortify exhort evince repugnance stride obtrusive elude profusion Rubicon construe scalding tenacious craving wreathe
121-140 ameliorate stall genial girdle predispose abate covert absolve impulsive chafe constrict stifling stagnate preclude chasten swimmingly alleviate baffle redeem feat
141-160 invoke misgiving ajar delirious scourge allegiance prop twilight prolong fleeting tedious soporific fumble ostensible despicable eddy torrent asunder contagion sumptuous
161-180 obviate stalwart attest shirk ardent perceptive obscure swerve scrutinise hurl desertion warble straggle incumbent aspiration unimpeachable fastidious swathe salient declaim
181-200 propitious effigy fitful prattle belie stately influx tabernacle spite vault muffle sneaking avert irksome elicit streak scanty ghastly rend uproot
201-220 invalid crouch pamper mistime chisel rally hem deformity converse spurn sprain covet clatter chink crag officious clasp vocation grimace waft
221-240 clang throng bask divest flank marvel novice revel(in sth) interject blasphemous billow fleck dusk muster rear braid trim aver gale quell
241-260 blunder impediment contemplation brusque prominence foster sentient lump demeanour ditto gall deign exacting piqued dispense(with) affectation sneer censure exquisite gush
261-280 eminence hackneyed elected involuntary forte
Words from DAVID COPPERFIELD (大衛‧科波菲爾)
1-20 aspersions relish doleful meander sullen tumble submissively furtive propitiate rumple aggravate wallow gape muttering rashly foreboding disposition confound preside captive
21-40 atrocious stale convulsive jerk quench scrutiny entail broil surly enact slouch phlegmatic diffidence bashfully repudiate tickle dexterity whopping fidget gasp
41-60 dismal utterance snort giddy slant coaxing stout forlorn bristle fusty perch irreparable stupendous conspicuous dread grim grin peculiarity stump sneeze
61-80 ferocious flinch blazing quake limp boisterous slash malicious corroborate imposition rave outlast recline writhe pretension loom implore mortality recompense ravages
81-100 unflinching tantalizing hoarse flag mirth jest counterfeit prowl tangible uproar bait albeit shuffle mimic lounge evade candour disdainful exalted confer
101-120 harass dire nudge simper prodigious assent bluff pygmy sledge vociferous chuckle tuck prostrate jumble strife speck incoherent gruff inquisitive bleak
121-140 shred strain brimful slap insinuate actuate ratify efficacious ablige pretence meekly falter remonstrate torment abet sulky delusion dispassionate irksome shun
141-160 diabolical clammy sputter loiter hush pine rusty puff precede mope astray shabby moody ruffle broach nudging manifestly wedged jolted leer
Words from PRIDE AND PREJUDICE (傲慢與偏見)
1-20 deign emphatic stoutly barefaced surmise fastidious horrid affectation candour denominate shackle civilly elated courteous hack piqued impertinent impose(on) consolation (no/not)inconsiderable
21-40 propriety inducement archly reverie insipidity/insipid strictures intrepidity/intrepid entailed (in)default(of) becoming extort prognostics/prognosis contrivance contempt draughts abominable (not one)jot poorly loo paltry
41-60 captivation/captivate despicable profuse/profusion mince come(away)(with sth) efficacy/efficacious tax(with) invalid odious laudable rashness/rashly atoned obstinacy/obstinate subsisting resented indignity reel premeditated affront compass
61-80 overheard diffuseness/diffuse perpetually/perpetual insufferably tedious inclination plague hug vouch(for sth) resentful

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